<<

J. Thomas Shaw

PUSHKIN: A CONCORDANCE TO THE POETRY

Preface

      This Concordance to the complete poetry of Alexander Pushkin (1799–1837), Russia's greatest poet, is a byproduct of a long-range, computer-assisted study of Pushkin's poetry, concentrating on the rhymes, now nearing completion. Three other books have resulted from that study: my Pushkin's Rhymes: A Dictionary (1974), Batiushkov: A Dictionary of the Rhymes and a Concordance to the Poetry (1975), and Baratynskii: A Dictionary of the Rhymes and a Concordance to the Poetry (1975), all published by the University of Wisconsin Press. This work is presented in response to scholars' request that this Concordance to the poetry of Pushkin be added to the ones already published for the poetry of Batiushkov and Baratynskii, because nothing can substitute for a concordance, not even the Slovar' iazyka Pushkina (4 vols., AN SSSR, 1956–61).
      This Concordance lists alphabetically all the Cyrillic word forms found in all the basic texts of all the poetry and gives the following information for each: the number of times it occurs and also the number of lines in which it is used, and quotation and poem-and-line location of each complete line of verse in which it appears. The listing of these Cyrillic word forms is with no exceptions; all the lines of poetry are quoted under each word except the following eleven function words which occur with extreme frequency: a, , , , , , , , , , and .
      Text used. This Concordance, like my Pushkin's Rhymes, uses the most authoritative and complete edition of Pushkin's works, the so-called "large Academy" textual edition, A. S. Pushkin, Polnoe sobranie sochinenii, published by the Academy of Sciences of the Soviet Union in sixteen volumes, 1937–1949; a supplementary volume of corrections and indexes appeared in 1959. This Concordance reproduces the orthography and the punctuation of all the Russian-language poems of that edition, including unprintable and Latin-alphabet words in them; it includes all the verse of all the basic texts, but not variants. This Concordance also uses the line numbering and the basic sequence of the "large Academy" edition. The total line count of Pushkin's verse in the edition used is 42,541, of which 108 lines lack endwords, so that there is a total of 42,433 endwords (words that rhyme or could rhyme). An important feature of this Concordance is that it reproduces fragmentary lines, giving blank spaces (following the edition used) for missing initial, medial, or terminal parts of lines. In this Concordance, the stress is printed for every endword, so that the reader can tell at a glance whether a given line is fragmentary; otherwise one could not be certain in all instances. In the quotation of lines, both the Cyrillic and Latin-alphabet words are printed, both in plain and cursive (italic), as in the edition used. The textual edition is also followed with regard to the use of square brackets [ ] for words struck out by Pushkin and not replaced, and pointed brackets < > for words or parts of words provided by the editors. Otherwise, the punctuation is to be regarded as Pushkin's, including the number of dots used in suspension points (on occasion more than the usual three).
      Word form entries in this Concordance. This is a word form concordance. A separate headword is listed for each separate lexical entity in the texts used; hyphenated forms are listed under the first part (separate parallel listings of hyphenated forms, in both usual alphabetical and reverse-alphabetical form, are given below in this Preface). A "word", for purposes of this Concordance, is one or more alphabetical letters, a verbal entity, with either a blank space or a punctuation mark other than a hyphen on each side. The Concordance is computer-produced, and no effort has been made to list separately "words" comprising two such word forms with space between them (such as ). Nor have word forms been listed under normalized dictionary-type entries (for example, infinitives for verbs, nominative singular for nouns, nominative masculine singular for pronouns, adjectives, and participles) because, in poetry, a "word" is the specific word form used in a line or lines of verse. In headwords no distinction is made between different uses of the same word form in uncapitalized and capitalized forms (as with personifications), nor with possibly different stressing of words otherwise spelled the same. All Cyrillic word forms that appear in the Russian edition used are listed in alphabetical order, and, on the same line as each headword, there is a complete count of (1) the number of uses of that word form, and (2) the number of lines in which the word form appears. The Concordance quotes in full, under each word form, every line of verse in which that word forms appears, with the exception of the eleven extremely frequent function words listed above. When there are multiple appearances of a given word form in a particular line, the line is printed only once (for example, the word la is used four times in the poetry, all in one line; one printing of the line suffices). The text used has nine instances of the entry <.>, the editors' indication of instances when a given word in the original manuscript has so far proved "illegible"; in this Concordance, "<.>" is listed as a headword in proper alphabetical position among the headwords, and the lines including this "word" are listed under it. <...>
      Unlike the Slovar'iazyka Pushkina, this Concordance has no exclusions of any pronominal, proper-noun, or any other Cyrillic word form used in the poetry. Like the Slovar', this Concordance includes all the basic texts plus the so-called Chapter 10 of Evgenii Onegin, but not variants. The uncompleted Vadim (VP) is cited in the form Pushkin chose to publish it; the three omitted scenes of Boris Godunov are also included.
      Line-location system used. This Concordance, like my Pushkin's Rhymes, is designed to be used directly with the "large Academy" textual edition and also the Slovar'iazyka Pushkina. The line-location system used here (as in Pushkin's Rhymes) is based directly on the one in the Slovar' for volume or poem abbreviation, poem or part numbering, and line number. The Index of Poems lists all poems in text sequence, under abbreviation used and poem or part numbering (Column 1) and also poem title (Column 2), and other data (Columns 3–13). <...>
      Unprintable words. Table 1 gives, in text order, a complete listing of all the lines of verse containing any word Russian editors have considered unprintable. Such "words" are printed here as in the text used—sometimes one or more alphabet letters are given, but usually none, and dashes are used to represent letters not printed. For technical reasons, here a long dash (—) represents two unprinted letters and a short dash (hyphen), one. <...>
      Latin alphabet words. Table 2 gives, in text order, all lines of the verse containing Latin alphabet words. The text used is followed as regards both orthography and italicization (when present). It is obviously noteworthy that of the three poets in my rhyme study—Pushkin, Batiushkov, and Baratynskii—only Pushkin has any example of Latin alphabet words in his verse. In Pushkin's poetry, there is, on occasion, play with whether words of non-Russian origin had been naturalized and hence might be written in Cyrillic. <...>
      Hyphenated word forms. Two complete lists are given of each hyphenated Cyrillic word form which appears in Pushkin's poetry, together with information on the number of appearances. Table 3 gives a listing in normal alphabetical order from left to right, from the beginning of the word form. Many of the hyphenated forms include enclitics such as -ka, -tka, -de, -to, -s, -nibud'. Table 4 gives a complete listing, in reverse alphabetical order (backwards sort) of all the hyphenated word forms in Pushkin's poetry. To find the listing of the lines in which each of these hyphenated forms appears, one should consult the Concordance proper, where such word forms appear in usual alphabetical order, from the beginning of the word form.) A total of 368 hyphenated word-forms appear 643 times in the poetry. <...>
      Pushkin's Rhymes. For this Concordance, only the information of the first keypunched card was needed. To achieve maximum accuracy, not only were materials proofread a number of times and by more than one person, but, as appropriate, they were checked by doublekeypunching, and a number of computer programs were devised to aid in checking accuracy and consistency. All the computer work was done at the University of Wisconsin at Madison—at the Madison Academic Computing Center and at the Hispanic Seminary of Medieval Studies, Ltd. Camera-ready copy was printed by computer printing by Landmann Associates, Madison, Wisconsin. <...>

Table 1

Lines Containing Unprintable Words

<–′— –>,
" <— — — –>',
" <— — — –>',
, , <′—>"
<— — —>, '?
<— — — — — — –′— —>
<— — –> '
<— –′—>
<— —> ',
<> <–′—>
<— — — –> '
<— —′–>
<— –′–>!
<— —′—>,
<— — — —> '
<— — –> '
<— — –> '
<(> <— —′–>
<— —> <—′–>
<–′— –>
<–′— —>,
<— — — –> ',
(<— — >( ( '(
<— — –> ',
<— — — — –′—>,
, <— — — –> ',
, , <— — — –′— –>?
, , <— — — –′— –>?
<–′— –>,
, <— — — –> '!
, , <— — — –′— –>?
, , <— — — –′— –>?
, , <— — — –′— –>?
<′—>(
, , <— — — –′— –>?
, <— —> <—′–>(
<— — –> ',
<— —> '
", <–′— —>(—
— ? <— —> '
 
1.131..41
1.133..7
1.133..15
2.18.8
.2.47.8
2.50.12
2.83.8
2.116.28
2.130.5
2.130.11
2.165.25
2.169.4
2.281.12
2.297.7
2.297.8
2.335.2
2.347.4
2.347.5
2.350.4
2.368..4
3.46.14
3.46.19
3.46.21
3.46.43
3.46.55
3.48.2
3.48.8
3.48.16
3.48.19
3.48.20
3.48.24
3.48.32
3.48.40
3.48.44
3.48.48
3.73.4
3.111.2
3.240.6
3.243.3
3.243.10
 

Table 2

Lines Containing Latin Alphabet Words

, v′ale!
"Bravo! Bravissimo! '!"
et caeter′a
Ha entre-mets, '-.
St. '
Fastidium est quies-'
Maman, '
Amour, ex′il-
Netty '
R '.
NW
: Ma dov'′è,
Ave, Mater dei '
Lumen coelum, sancta R′osa!
St.-Priest ',
II '!
IV '
ad ovo: '
tiers-ét′at,
W′arnta,
A. M. D. '
Lumen coelum, sancta r′osa!
: allons, cour′age!
Picard , ',
, à j′our,
C bon-mots ',
Et cetera, et ceter′a
C′est bien mauvais, ça fait piti′é
, le grand Poti′er!
- d′Arlincourt '.-
Monsieur Picard '
ab ovo: '
tiers-ét′at,
: , br′avo,
, incognito, '
Madame ',
Monsieur ';
Monsieur l'Abbé, ',
Monsieur '
dandy '-
v′ale,
 
1.18.22
1.38.22
1.58.15
2.190.14
2.240.10
2.285.16
2.339.2
3.80.6
3.90.1
3.90.3
3.90.4
3.106.16
3.108.31
3.108.37
3.117.3
3.129.8
3.187.28
3.266.1
3.266.81
3.303..79
.238.20
.238.26
.110
.115
.126
.130
.133
.148
.151
.155
.211
.15
.109
.197
.1.38
.1.3.6
.1.3.7
.1.3.9
.1.4.4
.1.4.7
.1.6.6
 

Table 3

Hyphenated Words: Normal Alphabetical Order

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
 
1
1
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
 

Table 4

Hyphenated Words: Reverse Alphabetical Order

-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
 
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
4
17
1
1
1
2
1
1
1
1
1
 

Concordance

  815   808     
  1   1     

'

 
2.210.14 
  1  1     

'

 
2.117.2 
  1  1     

, ',

 
2.148.43 
  2  2     

'
, ',

 
3.89.1
3.175.1
 
  1  1     

. , ',

 
2.265.86 
  2  2     

'
'

 
3.56.28
EO..20.5
 
  10  10     

'.
'"
... '
: ';
, '
'
<'>
'
'
',

 
3.96.17
.14.95
.132
.7.26.7
.10.6.1
.10.7.1
.10.7.3
.10.7.9
.20
.6.13
 
  1  1     

',

 
3.84.71 
         
   
         
   
  3  3     

',
, '?
'

 
3.127.5
3.163.6
.521.11
 
  2  2     

, '
'

 
3.95.1
.4.26.3
 
  1  1     

':

 
2.176.15 
  1  1     

, ',

 
2.245.71 
  10  10     

, ! '"
, ? , , — '!
"! ! '! —
" : , '!
— !... '
— ! '
! ! '
! , '
! ; , '—
— . — , '

 
1.2..69
3.168.28
.2.155
.5.91
.166
.8.17.12
.1.67
.2.34
.105
.17
 
  1  1     

, '

 
3.269.49 
  4  4     

',
: '!
, ';
, '..

 
1.51.236
2.285.78
2.296.12
.2.411
 
  9  9     

'.
'
'
, ';
'.
'
'.
; '.
. ? '.

 
1.2..36
1.2..86
1.2..129
.419
.425
.438
.3.246
.2.159
.2.160
 
  10  10     

, '
'.
! , ',
', —.
'
'
'

 
1.2..1
1.2..120
1.2..103
1.51.10
2.126.79
2.135.13
2216.14
 

'.
':
',

 
.152
.3.22.9
.7.24.7
 
  3  3     

'
'.
'!

 
1.27.188
1.51.145
.188
 
  1  1     

',

 
..54 
  2  2     

'
'

 
1.51.111
.5.19.6
 
  2  2     

'.
'

 
3.196.3
3.196.26
 
  2  2     

, '!
',

 
2.285.98
2.326.6
 
  2  2     

, ',
'.

 
2.119.9
3.34.4
 
  1  1    1.2..122 

'.

 
 
  1  1     

';

 
.6.317 
  2  2     

'
'

 
1.58.7
3.240.1
 
  2  2     

, ',
, ';

 
3.19.13
3.187.7
 
  1  1     

'!

 
.3.28.4 
  1  1     

'.

 
.1.26.14 
  1  1     

'

 
.6.7.9 
  3  3     

, ',
',
: '

 
2.243.1
2.287.11
.269.29
 
  1  1     

'!

 
.6.31.14 
  3  3     

',
, ',
'.

 
1.91.80
2.245.70
2.307.4
 
   
  3  3     

',
'
'

 
1.45.20
.544
.7.10.10
 
  3  3     

, '
',
'

 
2.25.91
2.211.7
3.269.32
 
  6  6     

';
',
, ',
'
'.
, ',

 
2.176.33
3.92.50
3.157.13
3.173.8
3.252.11
.3.86
 
  12  12     

',
'
'?
'?
',
'?
'?"
'?
'?
'?
'
'?

 
2.293.5
3.75.23
3.2.6
3.11.8
3.16.8
.243
.244
.441
.461
.485
..5
.2.8 <...>
 
  30  30     

, , ',
'
';
, '.
, ', —
, ',
[] '.
", , '!
',
, '!
, '!
'.
, '.
— '
, , '
, ',
<> '
';
, ',

 
1.19.183
1.25.25
1.91.72
2.127.4
2.156.14
2.231.15
2.237.4
2.269.89
2.353.3
3.11.12
3.11.37
3.34.1
3.58.4
3.66.16
3.74.15
3.74.17
3.278.11
.3.21
.3
 

, '
, '.
, ':
',
. , '.
, , '
, ',
, ',
',
... '!
? , '

 
.328
.450
.2.354
.3.347
.3.4
.3.122
..58
.7.24.8
.3.40
.3.100
.1.73
 
  5  5     

',
',
, , '.
, ',
" '

 
2.166.10
3.12.12
3.158.11
.54
.15.81
 
  1  1     

, ',

 
1.19.67 <...> 
  41  41     
         

— '.
'.
',
',
'
'.
',
',
'
, '!...
'
',
'.
'.
'.
, '.
',
',
, ',
— '.
'
'

 
1.5.66
1.7.24
1.36.3
1.36.13
1.36.47
2.28.49
2.58.14
2.100.5
2.126.79
2.189.17
3.4.4
3.33.12
3.67.4
3.67.16
3.119.12
3.127.30
3.136.21
3.140.2
3.147.3
3.174.23
3.238.57
.15.80 <...>
 
  15  15     

',
'
',

 
1.26.6
2.53.22 2.129.4
 

';
[ <>] ';

 
2.157.10
2.194.8
 

'.
',
'
, '...

 
3.16.4
3.39.19
3.75.29
C3.247.18 <...>
 
  13  13     

',
',
, '
, ',
',
'.
'
',

 
1.5.2
1.5.103
1.22.13
1.32.11
.5.329
.83
.123
.209 <...>
 
  2  2     

',
',

 
2.289.4
3.42.46
 
  7  7     

" '".—
',
',
',
'
',
'

 
1.51.201
1.53.62
2.56.18
2.148.67
2.172.1
.3.394
.234
 
  1  1     

, '

 
1.7.5 
  32  32     

... ',
',
':
, ',
[ ] '.
'
, ',
, ',
';
'

 
1.64.8
1.79.5
1.110.135
2.65.3
2.95.11
2.131.42
2.148.1
2.148.14
2.157.6
2.167.7 <...>
 
  1  1     

',

 
..46 
  2  2     

'
. '!

 
.2.144
.8.48.13
 
  19  19     

, '
'

 
1.30.55 1.51.273 

, '
, ',

 
1.64.10
2.1.51 <...>
 
  1  1     

, ',

 
2.131.44 
  3  3     

',
',
, '

 
1.64.23
.4.125
.5.13.10
 
  1  1     

',

 
.5.237 
  1  1     

'

 
1.27.40 
  1  1     

';

 
.7 
  3  3     

; ';
'
'

 
1.60.150
3.64.12
.4.264
 

. . , . . 

-  
. .

      "- . . " . . , " " 4- . " ", . . .
       — — , , , , , , , , .
       -, , : — . . , 200- .

Ш

1.

       . . , , , .
      :
      1 =_
       ,
       .
      :
      3511 I _#
      27 II _#
      11 III _#
       22.988 .

2.

       , , , .

3. ,

       , .
       , , .
       - - .
      
P "" {(} {P_}, {P_}, {P_} . . {} {} , ['], {=Æ=_}, {_}. , , , , {(} , , , : {P=P=i_#}, {==P=i_#}, {=P=i_#}, . {=P=i_#}, {-=P=i_#}.
       i "-" -: {=I_}, {=i_}, . {=I_}. {=
P=i_}, {=P=i_}.
       "- -" () , .
       j "" , , , , ( ) .
       ' , . .
      , {_ j-=Æ==_}, {-j==i_}, - {_ =j=Æ=_}.
       , , , .
      , {=()=_#}, {()=0=i_#}, {()=0=i_}, { ()====_}, ()=_, ()=0=i_#.
       , — .
      [-] () . .
      [=] . .
      [_] . #, .
      [ ] . , > { =_}.
      # . , ( , _#, _#, _#, — =()=_# — ==_#, =_#) (, _#, _#, _#). , , # . , _#, _#.
       , . , {_} {=_}; -I {_}, -II {-_}.
       :

       
  1     
  2     
       
  1     
  2     
       
       
  1     
       
       
       
       

3835+    _#  1 
3    ==_   
3    _   
1    _   
1    =_   
5    _   
53    =_   
9    ==i_#   
6    _   
4    ==i_#   
7    _   
6    ==i_#   
7    ==i_#    
3    ===_   
11    ==_   
1    _   
3    =_   
1    '_   
5    _   
1    _   
1    =_   
3    _   
35    _   
1    _   
1    _   
10    ==i_#   
50    ==i_#    
5    _   
8    _   
4    =_   
77    =P=i_#   
27    _   
2    =_   
2    =_   
6    =Æ==_   
1    =P====i_#   
1    =P===_   
2    _   
2    _   
7    =_   
11+    =_   
3+    ._#   
1    _   
6    _   
6    =_   
1    =_   
5    =_   
1    _   
2    ==_   
1    =_   
5    =_   
3    ==i_#   
8    ==_   
3    _   
5    _   
33    =_   
4    =_   
1    =_   
19+    =_   
3    ==_   
2    _   
2    _   
1    =_   
2    ==i_#    
3    =_   
2    =_   
2    ==_   
6    =_   
5    =_   
3    =_   
1    _   
1    _   
20    _   
35    ==_   
4    =_   
5    =_   
127    ===i_#    
1    _   
1    _   
1    _   
1    =_   
35    _   
11    _   
5    _   
32+    =_   
13    =Æ=i_#   
2    =_   
10    =()=Æ=i_#   
49    =_   
8    =()=Æ=i_#   
12    ===_   
5    _   
2    =_   
6    ==i_#   
4    _   
6    _   
3    _   
1    _   
1    =_   
12    =_   
1    =_   
1    _   
1    _   
2    _   
33    =_   
19    =()=Æ=i_#   
1    =()=Æ=i_#    
15    ===i_#   
2    _#   
15    _   
2    _   
2    =_   
2    _   
10    _   
5    ==_   
29+    _   
11    _   
1  --  _#   
8    _   
5    =()=Æ=i_#   
22    ==i_#   
13    ==i_#    
2    _   
1    _   
2    _   
12    =_   
3    _   
4    ==i_#   
7    ==i_#    
2    ==_   
1    _   
9    '_   
4    '=_   
3    '===i_#   
45  I  '=_   
18  II  '=_   

: 77-20427 3.03.2005

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